Carbon 14 dating chart
This belief in long ages for the earth and the evolution of all life is based entirely on the hypothetical and non-empirical Theory of Evolution.
All dating methods that support this theory are embraced, while any evidence to the contrary, e.g. Prior to radiometric dating, evolution scientists used index fossils a.k.a. A paleontologist would take the discovered fossil to a geologist who would ask the paleontologist what other fossils (searching for an index fossil) were found near their discovery.
When scientists first began to compare carbon dating data to data from tree rings, they found carbon dating provided "too-young" estimates of artifact age.
Scientists now realize that production of carbon-14 has not been constant over the years, but has changed as the radiation from the sun has fluctuated.
Carbon-14 cannot be used to date biological artifacts of organisms that did not get their carbon dioxide from the air.
This rules out carbon dating for most aquatic organisms, because they often obtain at least some of their carbon from dissolved carbonate rock.
The method has been used to date the substrate of a range of significant items, however it should be noted that carbon dating can only date the material itself, the paper or parchment, not media used to add content to the parchment or paper substrate.
Contributing Studies: Szmidt, CC, Normand C, Burr GS, Hodgins GWL, La Motta S (2010) AMS 14C dating the Protoaurignacian/Early Aurignacian of Isturitz, France., “Implications for Neanderthal-modern human interactions and the timing of technical and cultural innovations in Europe”, .
Project Description: Five parchment Portolan (early nautical) Charts from the Mediterranean were selected by the curators of the Geography and Maps Division, Library of Congress for radiocarbon dating.
The various confounding factors that can adversely affect the accuracy of carbon-14 dating methods are evident in many of the other radioisotope dating methods.
Although the half-life of some of them are more consistent with the evolutionary worldview of millions to billions of years, the assumptions used in radiometric dating put the results of all radiometric dating methods in doubt. Although the half-life of carbon-14 makes it unreliable for dating fossils over about 50,000 years old, there are other isotopes scientists use to date older artifacts.